# Tag Archives | Alternating Current

## Fundamentals of Alternating Current | Electrical Engineering

In this article we will discuss about: 1. Meaning of Alternating Current 2. Generation of Alternating Emf 3. Sinusoidal Quantities (Emf, Voltage or Current) 4. Average and Effective (RMS) Values of Alternating Voltage and Current 5. Average and Effective (RMS) Values of Sinusoidal Current and Voltage 6. Form Factor and Peak Factor of Sinusoidal Wave and Other Details. Contents: Meaning [...]

By |2017-11-09T17:50:03+05:30November 9, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Fundamentals of Alternating Current | Electrical Engineering

## Phasor Representation of Alternating Quantities | Electrical Engineering

In this article we will discuss about: 1. Introduction to Alternating Quantities 2. Phasor Diagram Using RMS Values 3. Conventions. Introduction to Alternating Quantities: Assumed that alternating voltages and currents follow sine law and generators are designed to give emfs having sine waveform. The above said assumption makes the calculations simple. The method of representing alternating quantities by waveform or [...]

By |2017-11-09T17:50:00+05:30November 9, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Phasor Representation of Alternating Quantities | Electrical Engineering

## Combined Action of Alternating Quantities | Electrical Engineering

In the most of the ac circuits, it is necessary to consider the combined action of several emfs or voltages acting in a series circuit and several currents flowing through the different branches of a parallel circuit. Let it be required to add two currents given by the equations: i1 = I1 max sin ωt and i2 = I2 max [...]

By |2017-11-09T17:50:00+05:30November 9, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Combined Action of Alternating Quantities | Electrical Engineering

## Value of Alternating Current and EMF | Wiring | Electrical Engineering

In this article we will discuss how to determine effective value of alternating current and EMF, explained with the help of a suitable graph. In a graph plot the instantaneous values of current along the ordinate and the corresponding angular displacements along the abscissa for one complete cycle or 360°. A Sine curve will be obtained as shown in figure [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:38+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Value of Alternating Current and EMF | Wiring | Electrical Engineering

## Leading Current from the Supply Line | Wiring | Electrical Engineering

The following devices take leading current from the supply line: 1. Static Capacitor or Condenser 2. Over-Excited Synchronous Motor 3. Phase Advancer. Device # 1. Static Capacitor or Condenser: Static capacitor takes a current which leads the applied voltage by about 90°. Thus, it acts in direct opposition to inductance, neutralizes the inductive influence of the circuit and improves the [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:38+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Leading Current from the Supply Line | Wiring | Electrical Engineering

## Calculating Capacitance of the Capacitor | Current | Electrical Engineering

The below mentioned article provides a suitable formula for calculating capacitance of the capacitor. Two metal plates separated by an insulator constitute a capacitor or condenser, namely an arrangement which has the capacity of storing electricity as an excess of electrons on one plate and a deficiency on the other. The insulator between the plates is called dielectric. It may [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:38+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Calculating Capacitance of the Capacitor | Current | Electrical Engineering

## Calculating Power Factor in an A.C. Circuit | Electrical Engineering

The below mentioned article provides a formula for calculating power factor in the A.C. circuit. The power in watt absorbed by a d.c. circuit is known when the supply pressure in volt across the circuit is multiplied by the current in ampere flowing through the circuit. But in an a.c. circuit the product of supply pressure and the circuit current [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:38+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Calculating Power Factor in an A.C. Circuit | Electrical Engineering

## Series Circuit (With Diagram) | Current | Electrical Engineering

A. C. circuits have three parameters, namely resistance, inductance and capacitance. When all the three parameters are joined in series, the circuit is said to be a general series circuit. Such a circuit is shown in fig. 33 (a) As an inductive coil has both resistance and induc­tance (assumed to be in series), for a general series circuit only two [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:36+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Series Circuit (With Diagram) | Current | Electrical Engineering

## Circuit in Voltage Resonance | Alternating Current | Electrical Engineering

In a general a.c. series circuit containing resistance, inductance and capacitance in series, the impedance of the circuit is given by,   Now, if inductive reactance XL is equal to capacitive reactance XC, the resultant reactance is zero, and the impedance of the circuit is equal to ohmic resistance, i.e., Z = R ohm. Current flowing through the circuit I = [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:36+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Circuit in Voltage Resonance | Alternating Current | Electrical Engineering

## Poly-Phase System of Circuit | Alternating Current | Electrical Engineering

Poly-phase system costs more than single-phase system, but the former has many ad­vantages over the latter. That is the reason for which at present over 90% of electrical energy used for commercial purposes is generated and transmitted in poly-phase. Some of the advantages of poly-phase system over single-phase working are as follows: (i) For a given size of frame, a [...]

By |2017-04-21T09:03:36+05:30April 21, 2017|Current|Comments Off on Poly-Phase System of Circuit | Alternating Current | Electrical Engineering
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